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With the help of the exiled , the Quraysh military leader mustered a force of 10,000 men. Muhammad prepared a force of about 3,000 men and adopted a form of defense unknown in Arabia at that time; the Muslims dug a trench wherever Medina lay open to cavalry attack. The idea is credited to a Persian convert to Islam, . The siege of Medina began on 31 March 627 and lasted two weeks. Abu Sufyan's troops were unprepared for the fortifications, and after an ineffectual siege, the coalition decided to return home. The Quran discusses this battle in sura Al-Ahzab, in verses . During the battle, the Jewish tribe of , located to the south of Medina, entered into negotiations with Meccan forces to revolt against Muhammad. Although the Meccan forces were swayed by suggestions that Muhammad was sure to be overwhelmed, they desired reassurance in case the confederacy was unable to destroy him. No agreement was reached after prolonged negotiations, partly due to sabotage attempts by Muhammad's scouts. After the coalition's retreat, the Muslims accused the Banu Qurayza of treachery and besieged them in their forts for 25 days. The Banu Qurayza eventually surrendered; according to , all the men apart from a few converts to Islam were beheaded, while the women and children were enslaved. Walid N. Arafat and have disputed the accuracy of Ibn Ishaq's narrative. Arafat believes that Ibn Ishaq's Jewish sources, speaking over 100 years after the event, conflated this account with memories of earlier massacres in Jewish history; he notes that Ibn Ishaq was considered an unreliable historian by his contemporary , and a transmitter of "odd tales" by the later . Ahmad argues that only some of the tribe were killed, while some of the fighters were merely enslaved. Watt finds Arafat's arguments "not entirely convincing", while has contradicted[] the arguments of Arafat and Ahmad.

Muhammad Ali: A Good Three-Paragraph Essay Example

"You can overstay your welcome in boxing," George Foreman said in Facing Ali. "You can get physically hurt, wiped out, devastated mentally. Your brain can only take so many shots to the head." Ali was eventually diagnosed at UCLA as having fallen prey to "Parkinson's syndrome secondary to pugilistic brain syndrome" – an outcome that could not be repaired. His mental faculties stayed agile as ever, but his pace became a painful-looking amble, and in time he stopped speaking publicly. A terrible irony had invaded Muhammad Ali's being: He had prided himself, throughout all his years of boxing, on avoiding head blows and facial scars. He instead had allowed fighters to pummel his midsection, his sides and arms, in defiance of the boxing dictum that if you "kill the body, the head will follow." Yet it was likely those body blows, Ferdie Pacheco observed, that helped ruin his nervous system. Ali had absorbed his fears into a physical place where he could withstand them and make them work for him. All along, they were also working against him. Some – Frazier and others – believe that Ali's impediments might be self-willed, if unconsciously: a penance for his elated mistreatment of so many other fighters, or maybe an atonement for his greatest public sin, his renunciation of Malcolm X after Malcolm had helped fortify his nerve to become champion. But this appraisal also implies that Muhammad Ali deserved some sort of comeuppance for his conceit and impertinence, though it was those same qualities that had made him such an electrifying iconoclast.


Free Muhammad Ali Essays and Papers - 123helpme

Free Muhammad Ali papers, essays, and research papers.

...What kind of man does it take to achieve greatness? A man that inspires people through his work in the boxing ring, as well as in his personal life. We meet a man who, throughout his life has done both all the way up to this very day. He has inspired people to fight for what they believe and to have confidence to be whoever you want. Muhammad Ali was one of the greatest boxers of all time and an influential leader throughout his entire life. Cassius Clay was born January 17, 1942 in Louisville, Kentucky. While Cassius was a young he experienced racial prejudice and discrimination. At the age of 12, young Cassius and a friend were at the local fair when the two noticed Cassius bike was stolen, which led him to his boxing career. It was more of a twist of fate that brought Cassius Clay to boxing. According to Muhammad Ali (2013). Cassius ran to Joe Martin who was a police officer and also trained boxers at the local gym. When Joe heard that Cassius wanted to beat the thief up Joe Martin replied “Well you better learn how to fight, before you start challenging people” Muhammad Ali (2013). Joe Martin took Cassius under his wing and worked with Cassius on his boxing skills. Cassius went on to win his first Amateur fight in 1954 from a split decision. Cassius then won the Golden Gloves Tournament for novices in 1956 as well as jumping through ranks and winning the National Golden Gloves three years later. Cassius was quick and had a powerful jab that caught his opponents of...


Muhammad Ali - Term Paper - Free College Essays, …

When I was doing the research for my book on Ali, I interviewed one of his main early antagonists in the ring, Floyd Patterson, who was clearly suffering from trauma-induced dementia. Patterson could barely string a few sentences together. Sonny Liston, his other early rival, had died years earlier with heroin on him. Ali, for his part, was living with his wife, Lonnie, at their farm, in Berrien Springs, Michigan. He was suffering from Parkinson’s, and it was hard to believe that the accumulation of punishment (from Frazier, from Earnie Shavers, Ken Norton, Larry Holmes, from a lifetime of beatings) had not been at least partially responsible for his condition. But he refused any note of regret. We watched films of his fights with Liston and couldn’t help admiring his younger self: “Sooo pretty!” More than a generation after his retirement, and now, after his passing, Ali and his story remain known everywhere in the world. How many today know the name of his current inheritor, the heavyweight champion of the world? The story of Muhammad Ali will long outlast the sport he took up, sixty-two years ago in Louisville, to avenge the theft of his beloved red bicycle.

3/4/2009 · muhammad ali to share personal essay on his unyielding self-confidence on npr’s this i believe series airing on all things considered, monday, april 6, …

Nothing in life has defeated me. I am still “The Greatest.” This I believe. Muhammad Ali won the world heavyweight boxing championship three times. He retired in 1981 and became active in humanitarian causes, including goodwill missions to Afghanistan, North Korea, and Cuba. Ali married childhood friend Lonnie Williams in 1986. He died in 2016.